# Louvain Clustering¶

Groups items using the Louvain clustering algorithm.

**Inputs**

Data: input dataset

**Outputs**

Data: dataset with cluster label as a meta attribute

Graph (with the Network addon): the weighted k-nearest neighbor graph

The widget first converts the input data into a k-nearest neighbor graph. To preserve the notions of distance, the Jaccard index for the number of shared neighbors is used to weight the edges. Finally, a modularity optimization community detection algorithm is applied to the graph to retrieve clusters of highly interconnected nodes. The widget outputs a new dataset in which the cluster label is used as a meta attribute.

Information on the number of clusters found.

**Preprocessing**:*Normalize data*: Center to mean and scale to standard deviation of 1.*Apply PCA preprocessing*: PCA processing is typically applied to the original data to remove noise (see PCA widget).*PCA Components*: number of principal components used.

**Graph parameters**:*Distance metric*: The distance metric is used for finding specified number of nearest neighbors (Euclidean, Manhattan, Cosine).*k neighbors*: The number of nearest neighbors to use to form the KNN graph.*Resolution*is a parameter for the Louvain community detection algorithm that affects the size of the recovered clusters. Smaller resolutions recover smaller clusters and therefore a larger number of them, while, conversely, larger values recover clusters containing more data points.

When

*Apply Automatically*is ticked, the widget will automatically communicate all changes. Alternatively, click*Apply*.

## Preprocessing¶

Louvain Clustering uses default preprocessing if necessary. It executes it in the following order:

continuizes categorical variables (with one feature per value)

imputes missing values with mean values

To override default preprocessing, preprocess the data beforehand with Preprocess widget.

## Example¶

*Louvain Clustering* converts the dataset into a graph, where it finds highly interconnected nodes. In the example below, we used the iris data set from the File widget, then passed it to **Louvain Clustering**, which found 4 clusters. We plotted the data with Scatter Plot, where we colored the data points according to clusters labels.

We can visualize the graph itself using the **Network Explorer** from the Network addon.

## References¶

Blondel, Vincent D., et al. “Fast unfolding of communities in large networks.” Journal of statistical mechanics: theory and experiment 2008.10 (2008): P10008.

Lambiotte, Renaud, J-C. Delvenne, and Mauricio Barahona. “Laplacian dynamics and multiscale modular structure in networks.” arXiv preprint, arXiv:0812.1770 (2008).